The 2023 TB surveillance and monitoring report highlighted how the number of disease-related fatalities grew from 27,000 in 2020 to 27,300 in 2021. TB is an infectious illness caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. When an infected individual coughs, the illness is released into the air and can be inhaled by neighboring individuals.
The study emphasized that the infectious virus “remains a public health concern.”
The NHS advises that tuberculosis “may cause disease in any organ” but that the condition “typically progresses slowly.”
“Your symptoms may not manifest until months or even years after the original infection,” the health organization warns.
TB may result in:
- loss of appetite and weight reduction
- A high degree Celsius (fever)
- Night perspiration
- Severe exhaustion or fatigue.